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[RTOS Stream Buffer API]


size_t xStreamBufferReceiveFromISR( StreamBufferHandle_t xStreamBuffer,
                                    void *pvRxData,
                                    size_t xBufferLengthBytes,
                                    BaseType_t *pxHigherPriorityTaskWoken );

An interrupt safe version of the API function that receives bytes from a stream buffer.

NOTE: Uniquely among FreeRTOS objects, the stream buffer implementation (so also the message buffer implementation, as message buffers are built on top of stream buffers) assumes there is only one task or interrupt that will write to the buffer (the writer), and only one task or interrupt that will read from the buffer (the reader). It is safe for the writer and reader to be different tasks or interrupts, but, unlike other FreeRTOS objects, it is not safe to have multiple different writers or multiple different readers. If there are to be multiple different writers then the application writer must place each call to a writing API function (such as xStreamBufferSend()) inside a critical section and use a send block time of 0. Likewise, if there are to be multiple different readers then the application writer must place each call to a reading API function (such as xStreamBufferRead()) inside a critical section and use a receive block time of 0.

Use xStreamBufferReceive() to read from a stream buffer from a task. Use xStreamBufferReceiveFromISR() to read from a stream buffer from an interrupt service routine (ISR).

Stream buffer functionality is enabled by including the FreeRTOS/source/stream_buffer.c source file in the build.

xStreamBuffer   The handle of the stream buffer from which bytes are to be received.
pvRxData   A pointer to the buffer into which the received bytes will be copied.
xBufferLengthBytes   The length of the buffer pointed to by the pvRxData parameter. This sets the maximum number of bytes to receive in one call. xStreamBufferReceive will return as many bytes as possible up to a maximum set by xBufferLengthBytes.
pxHigherPriorityTaskWoken   It is possible that a stream buffer will have a task blocked on it waiting for space to become available. Calling xStreamBufferReceiveFromISR() can make space available, and so cause a task that is waiting for space to leave the Blocked state. If calling xStreamBufferReceiveFromISR() causes a task to leave the Blocked state, and the unblocked task has a priority higher than the currently executing task (the task that was interrupted), then, internally, xStreamBufferReceiveFromISR() will set *pxHigherPriorityTaskWoken to pdTRUE. If xStreamBufferReceiveFromISR() sets this value to pdTRUE, then normally a context switch should be performed before the interrupt is exited. That will ensure the interrupt returns directly to the highest priority Ready state task. *pxHigherPriorityTaskWoken should be set to pdFALSE before it is passed into the function. See the code example below for an example.
The number of bytes read from the stream buffer, if any.

Example usage:

/* A stream buffer that has already been created. */
StreamBuffer_t xStreamBuffer;

void vAnInterruptServiceRoutine( void )
uint8_t ucRxData[ 20 ];
size_t xReceivedBytes;
BaseType_t xHigherPriorityTaskWoken = pdFALSE;  /* Initialised to pdFALSE. */

    /* Receive the next stream from the stream buffer. */
    xReceivedBytes = xStreamBufferReceiveFromISR( xStreamBuffer,
                                                  ( void * ) ucRxData,
                                                  sizeof( ucRxData ),
                                                  &xHigherPriorityTaskWoken );

    if( xReceivedBytes > 0 )
        /* ucRxData contains xReceivedBytes read from the stream buffer.
        Process the stream here.... */

    /* If xHigherPriorityTaskWoken was set to pdTRUE inside
    xStreamBufferReceiveFromISR() then a task that has a priority above the
    priority of the currently executing task was unblocked and a context
    switch should be performed to ensure the ISR returns to the unblocked
    task.  In most FreeRTOS ports this is done by simply passing
    xHigherPriorityTaskWoken into taskYIELD_FROM_ISR(), which will test the
    variables value, and perform the context switch if necessary.  Check the
    documentation for the port in use for port specific instructions. */
    taskYIELD_FROM_ISR( xHigherPriorityTaskWoken );

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